Yorkshire in the 17th Century (Blackthorn History of Yorkshire)

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I also work on archaeological publication projects as author, academic editor and specialist consultant for local authorities, public bodies and archaeological contractors. Before taking this post I had been a Senior Project Manager responsible for a number of excavations in York including sites on the Roman fortress defences and in the Roman civilian town. In addition, on behalf of the Trust, I worked as an archaeological consultant in respect of the development and planning process for commercial institutions in London and other English towns including Norwich and Peterborough.

I was Hon. Editor of the Archaeological Journal , one of Britain's principal peer-reviewed academic archaeological publications Manby and S. According to the United Kingdom census the total population of the urban area of Beverley was 29, — of whom 17, live within the historic parish boundaries. As well as its racecourse and markets, Beverley is known in the modern day for hosting various food and music festivals throughout the year. The first structure built in the area, which at the time was known as Inderawuda meaning "in the wood of the men of Deira " , was a Christian church dedicated to St John the Evangelist.

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Before the Battle of Brunanburh , possibly located further north than Beverley, King of England at the time Athelstan visited Inderawuda, he prayed all night and saw a vision saying he would be victorious: in return he helped the town to grow greatly. Beverley developed as a trade centre, producing textiles , leather and objects made out of antler.

The Chapterhouse was demolished in and only the doors remain in the church. St Martin's chapel was also destroyed and was a place of pilgrimage for many, was removed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. After the Norman conquest , many pilgrims flocked to Beverley upon hearing reports of miracles wrought by the town's founder, John. However, much of the North of England rejected Norman rule, and sought to reinstate Viking rule. Industry grew further, Beverley especially traded wool with the cloth making towns of the Low Countries. The town suffered a large fire in which destroyed numerous houses, and damaged Beverley Minster.

Franciscans were present. Beverley was reliant on pilgrimage, but changes brought about by the Reformation impacted upon this tradition, resulting in a decline in its status. As a result of the tensions across the North of England , governance duties were handed over to the Council of the North so the Tudors could control the area at arm's length.

The substantial drop in pilgrimage to Beverley in honour of its founder John of Beverley affected the jobs of the working class as it was Beverley's main industry. Due to the close geographical proximity to Hull , focus on the area became magnified when the people of Hull refused to open the gates to Charles I a couple of months before the fighting began in the English Civil War. A royalist army led by William Cavendish defeated Thomas Fairfax to reclaim the town for the royalists; from here they launched another Siege of Hull.

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Beverley Minster managed to escape this fate, in part due to the prominence of the Percy family and the fact that the church housed memorials to their ancestors. Beverley's Quakers were not so fortunate, and were strongly repressed by the Puritans. Beverley had a cattle market for years, it served as the centre for the region's livestock trade until it closed.

The site is now the car park for Tesco supermarket which opened in The population of the borough and liberties of the town in was 8, Hodgsons Tannery — was a major employer in the town. The tannery turned animal hides into leather. At the time of closure there were redundancies. After Hodgsons closed, part of the factory site was used by Clairant chemical production company. However, this had also closed by with the loss of jobs. Armstrong Patents Co. The factory on East Gate mainly produced Armstrong shock absorbers until it closed in Beverley Shipyard opened in and continued to build ships until the yard closed completely in In the yard employed people.

Ships were launched sideways into the river Hull.


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Due to an increase in population, some of the entrances into the town such as the brick-built Bars were taken down to accommodate traffic. Although population figures rose steeply, the increase was not as much as in nearby Hull , or most of the rest of England. Communications were improved with the opening of the Beverley railway station in October In both world wars the yard built minesweepers for the Royal Navy. The deep-sea trawler Arctic Corsair now preserved in Hull was built there in The yard closed for ship construction in and the site is now used for boat repairs.

A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of Victoria Barracks in The Second World War saw the nearby city of Hull suffer significantly from aerial bombardment : however, Beverley was more fortunate and did not endure such heavy attacks. It attracts thousands of tourists each year who come to view the religious buildings and visit Beverley Racecourse. In late a new shopping and entertainment complex opened in Flemingate on the site of the old Hodgsons Tannery.

Among the attractions is a six-screen cinema and a Premier Inn hotel. East Riding College formerly Beverley College of Further Education also relocated to Flemingate, after the previous site was sold for a housing development. During the Middle Ages , Beverley was governed by aldermen known as the twelve keepers, they oversaw the general running of the town and the maintaining of law and order.

Beverley was represented in the Houses of Parliament by the Member of Parliament of Yorkshire until Beverley was given parliamentary borough status from Elections became notoriously corrupt, to the extent that the constituency was abolished in and incorporated into the East Riding constituency. In the Liberal Democrats made huge gains in the local elections, taking out all of the Conservative seats and taking control of the Town Council, whilst also gaining two seats from the Conservatives on East Riding of Yorkshire Council in St Mary's Ward.

The only Conservative representatives for Beverley are in Minster and Woodmansey Ward, where the Conservatives held all three seats. A spokesperson for East Riding of Yorkshire Council said: "The evidence recognises that the East Riding is generally a high demand area with strong levels of in- migration ". Beverley is home to the oldest state school in England, in the form of Beverley Grammar School. There are other schools in Beverley, such as Beverley High School , which is a comprehensive school for girls: it has around pupils, and is well above the national average based on the results of GCSE test performances.

Longcroft School is a co-educational school , with around 1, pupils consisting of both boys and girls. Longcroft School was founded in and officially opened in and is home to the Longcroft Gospel Choir, founded by Jonathan Chapman. The choir is well known in the local area and regularly performs at parties, ceremonies, weddings and music concerts. The choir comprises pupils from Year 9 and above and several members of Longcroft School staff, and has a large repertoire of music.

Over the choir's period of existence, the choir has performed at venues such as Disneyland Paris and the Apple Store on Oxford Street, London , have released two of their own albums and have featured on a track by singer-songwriter Henry Priestman.

Yorkshire in the 17th Century by Jack Binns

But more recently in May , it was announced that the Longcroft Gospel Choir will be one of twenty choirs in the UK to perform at and open the Rugby World Cup in London performing for the home team England , a brilliant achievement for the school and the young people in the choir. East Riding College has a campus in Beverley. The college offers various further education courses for school leavers and adults from the town. The Beverley Guardian was printed for years, but it ceased in September Beverley has its own radio station Beverley's largest religious denomination is Christianity ; The minster was designated a Grade I listed building in and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England , maintained by Historic England.

There is one Roman Catholic church in Beverley called St John's which belongs to the Diocese of Middlesbrough ; when the Catholic Emancipation was complete in the Diocese of Beverley was established to cover all of Yorkshire , but it was later broken up into two dioceses, Leeds and Middlesbrough. Their present meeting house — the third — in Quaker Lane — was built in Missionaries of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from the United States first arrived in Beverley in and quickly established a local congregation.

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In a large new chapel on Manor Road was built by local church members. Due to the continued growth of the Beverley congregation both the building and car parks were enlarged in the late s. As a market town , the market day is central to culture in Beverley; a smaller market day is held on Wednesday: however, the main event is on Saturday, with all of the stalls. It is also home to the popular Beverley Male Voice Choir.

Beverley hosts an annual literature festival, kite festival, a biennial puppet festival and Beverley town fair. In terms of sport, the most noted field of participation is horse racing with Beverley Racecourse. The sport has a long history in Beverley, with evidence of a permanent race track reaching back as far as , while its first grandstand was built in Beverley was the host for the British National Cycling Championships.

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Beverley town has a variety of public houses , some of which have become tourist attractions. A purpose built Post Office opened in Register Square in It is still the town's post office to this day. Beverley's first cinema, the Marble Arch, opened in It was closed and completely demolished by The last few years being used as a Bingo Hall. It was located on Butcher Row. After demolition, the site was used as a supermarket. Originally it was known as Moores, but later is became Prestos, then Jacksons.

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The museum was housed on part of the former Hodgsons Tannery site. The last surviving Blackburn Beverley aircraft XB named after the town, and built nearby in Brough was on static display until the museum closed due to a funding shortfall in The current fire station opened in when New Walkergate road was constructed.


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The much smaller old fire station is now a GP surgery. The police station on Norfolk Street is part of the court complex built in about , including a court of sessions and a prison. The former courthouse is now a hotel and the octagonal prison is a private home.